Adobe Photoshop

Short Cuts

  • Cmd S – Save
  • Cmd V – Paste
  • Cmd Z – Undo
  • Cmd X – Cut
  • Cmd C – Copy
  • Cmd Shift 3 – Whole Screenshot
  • Cmd Shift 4 – Cropped Screenshot
  • Cmd – Move bar Left or right


To begin a project in Adobe Photoshop you have to first import the image you are going edit. This can be done through a range of methods, for instance File→Open, moving from downloads or dragging and dropping from your home screen.

But before you jump ahead with the brush tool, you MUST FIRST create an new layer. This is so you’re not editing right into the image, and are rather using it as a base. This is so you can see your work without the original image, which I will explain later on. It also makes it a whole lot easier to scrap your work and start over.

The layer that is already given to you is the background layer; this is the unedited image you opened at the beginning of your project. To add a new layer, click on the folded page in left hand corner.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.25.01.png

The new layer will be transparent and appear like this “Layer 1”

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.26.28.png

Double clicking on the Layer 1 bar, will open layer options. This window allows you to edit the layer’s properties.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.31.47.png

After you have selected the desired properties for your layer, you should label it based on the content it will hold. For instance, you could name that layer “Hair” because in this layer you’re going to work on the hair. To do this, double click “layer 1” and rename. Labelling your layers allows for better organisation, and makes it clear what you’re editing in each layer.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.33.03.png

In this layer your going to use colour. To do this, first make sure the hair layer is highlighted. Then click the colour pallet and set the bar next to opacity from normal to colour. If you don’t do this, colouring will appear in a think opaque format. (But if that’s what you want, go for it!)

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.36.35.png

Now adding colour to this layer ONLY puts colour on THIS layer, and colours the image based on the colours in the background. To start drawing, click the brush bar (8th application on the left side) pick your colour and get colouring!

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.34.04.png

Next to the layer, there is an eye symbol. This controls whether the layer is visible or not. If the eye is showing then you can see the layer. But by clicking the eye off, the layer is hidden and you can only see the other layers. For example, if you hide the hair layer, only the background layer can be seen.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.34.17.png

If you would like to copy an existing layer, drag the layer onto the folded page in left hand corner. Another layer will appear with the same name + copy.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.24.34.png

Above the layers section, is adjustments. One of the adjustment you can make is saturation. You can change this by clicking on the saturation icon, in which a small window will open. The second bar down controls the amount of saturation or lack of saturation.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.28.40.png

Moving the white marker to the right enhances the saturation.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.28.53.png

Moving the marker to the left depletes the saturation.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.29.03.png

The bar below this controls the lightness. Moving the marker to the right increases the light.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.30.03.png

And moving the marker to the left decreases the lightness.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.30.15.png

The same goes for the bar above which controls the hue. Moving the marker to the left increases the hue and vice versa.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.29.34.png

This window will appear each time you open an adjustment. For instant opening expose reveals a new set of bars.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.31.03.png

The adjustments bar has 16 icons which can be added to your layers to alter the look of your image.

Screen Shot 2016-11-14 at 14.28.24.png


Using these skills I successfully coloured this black and white image of the actress Rachael McAdams, from this:


To this:



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